• Fee: Free Practice Tests (based on CPACC Guide https://www.accessibilityassociation.org/ )
  • Passing score: 95%
  • Time limit: 30 minutes
  • Number of questions: 43
  • Format: Multiple Choice, Multi Answer and True/False
  • Difficulty: Advance
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MODELS OF DISABILITY

MODELS OF DISABILITY

1 / 43

If a wheelchair-using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps. This is referring to ____________ model.

2 / 43

The ______________  regards people with disabilities as unfortunate and in need of assistance from the outside, with those providing support viewed as benevolent contributors to a needy population.

3 / 43

The onus is on the organiser of the event or activity to make sure that their activity is accessible. This is referring to ____________.

4 / 43

The _______________  of disability defines disability by a person’s inability to participate in work.

5 / 43

The primary task is to eliminate, or at least reduce, the impact of the functional limitations of the body through technological or methodological innovation. This is referring to _____________ of disability.

6 / 43

The weakness of this model creates a legally defined category of people who are needy, which can be stigmatizing for people with disabilities.

7 / 43

There is a recognition within the _______________ that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the responsibility of society, rather than the disabled person.

8 / 43

The weakness the ___________ push for social justice in the political arena can also put activists at odds with people with other political interests, antagonizing relationships and sometimes creating resolute political adversaries.

9 / 43

This model include loss of earnings for and payment for assistance by the individual; lower profit margins for the employer; and state welfare payments.

10 / 43

A member of staff who makes PowerPoint presentations available on Blackboard to all members of the group before a lecture. This allows dyslexic students to look up unfamiliar terminology before the lecture and gives them an idea of the structure that will be followed. This ‘framing’ helps students to understand and retain the information. This is referring to the ____________ of disability.

11 / 43

The __________________ model refers to a sense of deriving one’s personal identity from membership within a group of like-minded individuals.

12 / 43

This model is most evident among people who are deaf, because of their shared linguistic experience as sign language users.

13 / 43

From the University of Leicester, UK: “This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled.

14 / 43

The _____________  often focuses on short-term, immediate needs, often at the expense of more comprehensive, and ultimately more effective, long-term solutions.

15 / 43

The strength of _____________ recognizes the effect of bodily limitations on a person’s ability to work, and there may be a need for economic support and / or accommodations for the person’s disability.

16 / 43

Certain adjustments are made, even where this involves time or money, to ensure that disabled people are not excluded. This is referring to _________.

17 / 43

A Students’ Union society that consults with disabled members before organising an event in order to make sure that the venue is accessible. This refers to _______ of disability.

18 / 43

In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment.

19 / 43

The management of the problem requires social action and is the collective responsibility of society at large to make the environmental modifications necessary for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of social life. This is referring to ____________.

20 / 43

The weakness of ______________ can be condescending toward people with disabilities, who may come to resent the feeling that they are the object of pity by other people, and that they must depend on accepting or cultivating this pity on a continual basis.

21 / 43

The _____________  is presented as viewing disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which therefore requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals

22 / 43

When new technologies are involved, profit-driven entrepreneurs can sometimes miss the mark, creating products that may be innovative but not practical or useful, or which may be of more benefit to the innovators than to the target population, especially if the proposed solutions are expensive. This weakness if referring to the ___________________ of disability.

23 / 43

The strength of the __________ focus on the disabling conditions in the environment and in society makes it clear that the barriers and challenges experienced by people with disabilities are not inevitable, nor are they exclusively a characteristic of the individual’s “broken” body.

24 / 43

In the __________, management of the disability is aimed at a ‘cure,’ or the individual’s adjustment and behavioral change that would lead to an
‘almost-cure’ or effective cure.

25 / 43

The strength of this model is  _____________  can address the biological sources of disabilities, either by clinically curing them or providing ways to medically manage the conditions.

26 / 43

The __________  can inspire people to contribute their time and / or resources to provide assistance when it is genuinely needed.

27 / 43

The_______________ of disability is a practical perspective that identifies the limitations (or “functional impairments”) due to disability, with the intent to create and promote solutions to overcome those limitations.

28 / 43

The weakness of _________________ model refers as sense of belonging felt by one group of people can be counterbalanced by a feeling of exclusion by people who don’t fit the group’s expectations.

29 / 43

The strength of _______________ accepts the person’s disability completely and uses it as a point of pride in being associated with other people in a similar condition.

30 / 43

A course leader who meets with a visually impaired member of the group before the beginning of a course to find out how hand-outs can be adapted so that the student can read them. This is referring to ___________.

31 / 43

The _____________ of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected.

32 / 43

The weakness of this _________ model is that it treats disability as a problem or inherent characteristic of the individual and seeks a cure or medical management of a bodily condition, often overlooking the broader sociopolitical constraints imposed by unwelcoming or inaccessible environments.

33 / 43

This model assesses the degree to which impairment affects an individual’s productivity and the economic consequences for the individual, employer and the state.

34 / 43

“A better model of disability, in short, is one that synthesizes what is true in the medical and social models, without making the mistake each makes in reducing the whole, complex notion of disability to one of its aspects." This is referring to __________________.

35 / 43

This model is directly related to the charity model.

36 / 43

The strongest aspect of this model is that it is results-oriented. It seeks to provide solutions to real-world challenges, while sidestepping the often-convoluted sociopolitical implications of disability within society.

37 / 43

The weakness of the ___________________ of disability can tend to downplay the embodied aspects of disabilities too much, as if disability had nothing to do with bodily characteristics at all.

38 / 43

Societies can improve the lives of people with disabilities considerably by ensuring that the world is designed to accommodate a wide range of human characteristics and abilities. This refers to __________ of disability.

39 / 43

“The ______________ of disability sees the issue of ‘disability’ as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society.

40 / 43

ICF is based on ________________ model, an integration of medical and social.

41 / 43

In the ______________, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming health care policy.”

42 / 43

The ______________ is more inclusive in approach, as pro-active thought is given to how disabled people can participate in activities on an equal footing with non disabled people.

43 / 43

If a person doesn’t meet the legal threshold for disabled, or if there is a dispute as to a person’s disability, the person with the disability may not receive the support they need. This is referring to _____________ of disability.

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The average score is 90%

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